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German Research Institute for Public Administration

The Europeanization and internationalization of national administrations from a comparative perspective

National administrative systems are coming under mounting pressure in their efforts to implement EU law. While in earlier times administrative acts were influenced mostly by substantive prescriptions of European and international law, since the 1980s supranational impulses are increasingly requiring a transformation of administrative procedure and organization in the EU member states.

Typologically, transformations directly mandated by supranational legal prescriptions can be distinguished from transformations resulting from integration requirements or altered European or international legal frameworks that are not explicitly mandated. The former can be classified as direct Europeanization or internationalization, the latter as indirect Europeanization or internationalization. Phenomena of indirect Europeanization include functional adaptations of the legal system (e.g. aimed at securing inter-organizational compatibility), spill-over effects ensuring the coherence of a legal regime, adaptations resulting from competitiveness pressures, and transnationalization effects through administrative cooperation and scientific exchange.

The research project's central feature is a structural analysis of selected European states with regard to their different approaches to the implementation of the relevant EU law and the resulting impacts. The research into the relevant EU law will focus on directives, which contain procedural and organizational requirements with regard to the national administrations. Given their important positions within the EU, the selected cases will include Germany, France, Italy, and the United Kingdom. In cooperation with foreign colleagues, the project will culminate in the categorization and evaluation of the implementation structures and strategies on the basis of an impact analysis, which will take into account the Commission's proceedings and the relevant case-law. In addition to providing insights on implementation structures, reaction patterns, and adaptation strategies across member states, the project will also allow for a better understanding of the degree of convergence of the national administrative (legal) systems.  Herein, phenomena of indirect Europeanization and internationalization, which are not driven by concrete legal requirements, will be of particular interest.

After an extensive literature review to assess the current state of research in this area, the project identified suitable acts of secondary EU law as objects of inquiry and began to analyze their implementation in the selected member states. In September 2016, the project hosted an international colloquium at Villa Vigoni to discuss the core research issues.

At the end of the project, a conference targeted at administrative practitioners will present and highlight concrete examples of different implementation policies.

The project has thus far led to the following publications:

  • Sommermann, Karl-Peter, Prinzipien des Verwaltungsrechts, in: Bogdandy, von/Huber (eds.), Handbuch Ius Publicum Europaeum, vol. V, Heidelberg 2014, p. 863-892.
  • Sommermann, Karl-Peter, Towards a Common European Administrative Culture?, in: König/Kropp/Kuhlmann/Reichard/Sommermann/Ziekow (eds.), Grundmuster der Verwaltungskultur, Baden-Baden 2014, p. 605-628.
  • Sommermann, Karl-Peter, Gemeineuropäische Verwaltungskultur als Gelingensbedingung europäischer Integration?, in: DÖV, 2015, p. 449-455.
  • Sommermann, Karl-Peter, Objectives and Methods of a Transnational Science of Ad-ministrative Law, in: Blanke/Cruz Villalón/Gas/Ziller (ed.), Common European Legal Thinking. Essays in Honour of Albrecht Weber, Heidelberg/New York/Dordrecht /London: Springer, 2015, p. 543-561.
  • Sommermann, Karl-Peter, Ziele und Methoden einer transnationalen Verwaltungsrechtswissenschaft, in: Sommermann (ed.), Öffentliche Angelegenheiten - interdisziplinär betrachtet. Forschungssymposium zu Ehren von Klaus König, Berlin 2016, S. 71-87.
  • Sommermann, Karl-Peter, Die Europäisierung der nationalen Verwaltungsgerichtsbarkeit in rechtsvergleichender Perspektive, in: Schenke/Suerbaum (eds.), Verwaltungsgerichtsbarkeit in der Europäischen Union, Baden-Baden 2016, p. 189-211.
  • Fraenkel-Haeberle, Cristina, Participatory Democracy and the global approach in environmental legislation, in: Lohse/Poto (eds.), Participatory Rights in the Environmental Decision-Making Process and the Implementation of the Aarhus Convention: A Comparative Perspective, Springer 2015, p. 33-44.
  • Fraenkel-Haeberle, Cristina, La mediazione in Germania tra diritto amministrativo e new public management, in: Falcon/Marchetti (eds.), Verso nuovi rimedi amministrativi? Modelli giustiziali a confronto, Editoriale Scientifica 2015, p. 209-226 (double blind peer-reviewed).
  • Fraenkel-Haeberle, Cristina, Das Demokratieprinzip in der Europäischen Union aus der Bürgerperspektive, in: Wollenschläger/De Lucia (eds.), Staat und Demokratie, Tübingen 2016, p. 113-125.
  • Fraenkel-Haeberle, Cristina, Einflüsse des allgemeinen Unionsrechts auf das europäische Wissenschaftsrecht. Das Hochschulwesen als Wirtschaftsfaktor: öffentliches Gut oder kommerzielle Dienstleistung?, in: Wissenschaftsrecht (WissR), Beiheft 24 (2016), p. 1-18.
  • Fraenkel-Haeberle, Cristina, Zur Multifunktionalität der Partizipation bei großen Infrastrukturprojekten, in: Die Öffentliche Verwaltung (DÖV), Heft 13 (2016), p. 548-556.

Senior Fellow

Prof. Dr. Dr. h.c. Karl-Peter Sommermann

Prof. Dr. Dr. h.c. Karl-Peter Sommermann

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Researcher

apl. Prof. Dr. Cristina Fraenkel-Haeberle

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Researcher

 Ass. iur. Johannes Socher, M.Sc.

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